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Secondary Literature Cited, Authors M–Z

 

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McAllister, C.T., Forstner, M.R.J., and Fuller, J.P. 2007. Second report of the southern painted turtle, Chrysemys dorsalis (Testudines: Emydidae), from Texas, with comments on its genetic relationship to other populations. Texas Journal of Science 59(2):155–160.

McCord, W.P., Joseph-Ouni, M., and Tabaka, C. 2005. Chelonian illustrations #18: African hinge-back tortoises. Reptilia (GB) (Barcelona) 38:71-74.

McDowell, S.B. 1964. Partition of the genus Clemmys and related problems in the taxonomy of the aquatic Testudinidae. Proceedings of the Zoological Society of London 143:239–279. 2013

McGaugh, S.E. 2008. Color variation among habitat types in the spiny softshell turtles (Trionychidae: Apalone) of Cuatrociénegas, Coahuila, Mexico. Journal of Herpetology 42(2):347-353.

McGaugh, S.E. and Janzen, F.J. 2008. The status of Apalone atra populations in Cuatro Ciénegas, Coahuila, Mexico: preliminary data. Chelonian Conservation and Biology 7(1):88-95.

McGaugh, S.E., Eckerman, C.M., and Janzen, F.J. 2008. Molecular phylogeography of Apalone spinifera (Reptilia, Trionychidae). Zoologica Scripta 37(3):289-304.

Mertens, R. and Wermuth, H. 1955. Die rezenten Schildkröten, Krokodile und Brückenechsen. Eine kritische Liste der heute lebenden Arten und Rassen. Zoologische Jahrbücher 83:323-440.

Métrailler, S. and Le Gratiet, G. 1996. Tortues continentales de Guyane française. Continental Turtles of the French Guiana. Martigny, Switzerland: Pillet SA, 127 pp.

Milstead, W.M. 1969. Studies on the evolution of the box turtles (genus Terrapene). Bulletin of the Florida State Museum, Biological Sciences 14(1):1–113.

Mittermeier, R.A., and Wilson, R.A. 1974. Redescription of Podocnemis erythrocephala (Spix, 1824), an Amazonian pelomedusid turtle. Papéis Avulsos de Zoologia, São Paulo 28(8):147-162.

Modesto, S.P. and Anderson, J.S. 2004. The phylogenetic definition of Reptilia. Systematic Biology 53(5):815–821.

Nowak-Kemp, M. and Fritz, U. 2010. Chelonian type specimens at the Oxford University Museum. Zootaxa 2604:1–19.

Okayama, T., Díaz-Fernández, R., Baba, Y., Halim, M., Abe, O., Azeno, N., and Koike, H. 1999. Genetic diversity of the hawksbill turtle in the Indo-Pacific and Caribbean regions. Chelonian Conservation and Biology 3(2):362–367.

Ota, H., Yasukawa, Y., Fu, J., and Chen, T.H. 2009. Cuora flavomarginata (Gray 1863) – yellow-margined box turtle. In: Rhodin, A.G.J., Pritchard, P.C.H., van Dijk, P.P., Saumure, R.A., Buhlmann, K.A., Iverson, J.B., and Mittermeier, R.A. (Eds.). Conservation Biology of Freshwater Turtles and Tortoises: A Compilation Project of the IUCN/SSC Tortoise and Freshwater Turtle Specialist Group. Chelonian Research Monographs No. 5, pp. 035.1–035.10, doi:10.3854/crm.5.035.flavomarginata.v1.2009, http://www.iucn-tftsg.org/cbftt/.

Owen, J., Perry, G., Lazell, J., and Petrovic, C. 2005. Pseudemys nelsoni (Florida red-bellied turtle). Distribution. Herpetological Review 36:466.

Palkovacs, E.P., Gerlach, J., and Caccone, A. 2002. The evolutionary origin of Indian Ocean tortoises (Dipsochelys). Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution 24:216-227. 2013

Palkovacs, E.P., Marschner, M., Ciofi, C., Gerlach, J., and Caccone, A. 2003. Are the native giant tortoises from the Seychelles really extinct? A genetic perspective based on mtDNA and microsatellite data. Molecular Ecology 12:1403-1413.

Parham, J.F. 2008. Rediscovery of an “extinct” Galapagos tortoise. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the USA 105:15227–15228.

Parham, J.F., and Feldman, C.R. 2002. Generic revisions of emydine turtles. Turtle and Tortoise Newsletter 6:28–30.

Parham, J.F., and Zug, G.R. 1996. Chelonia agassizii – valid or not? Marine Turtle Newsletter 72:2-5.

Parham, J.F., Simison, W.B., Kozak, K.H., Feldman, C.R., and Shi, H. 2001. New Chinese turtles: endangered or invalid? A reassessment of two species using mitochondrial DNA, allozyme electrophoresis, and known locality specimens. Animal Conservation 4:357-367.

Parham, J.F., Stuart, B.L., Bour, R., and Fritz, U. 2004. Evolutionary distinctiveness of the extinct Yunnan box turtle revealed by DNA from an old museum specimen. Proceedings of the Royal Society Series B: Biology Letters 271(1556[S6]):391-394.

Parham, J.F., Feldman, C.R., and Boore, J.L. 2006a. The complete mitochondrial genome of the enigmatic bigheaded turtle (Platysternon): description of unusual genomic features and the reconciliation of phylogenetic hypotheses based on mitochondrial and nuclear DNA. BMC Evolutionary Biology 6(11):1-11.

Parham, J.F., Macey, J.R., Papenfuss, T.J., Feldman, C.R., Türkozan, O., Polymeni, R., and Boore, J.L. 2006b. The phylogeny of Mediterranean tortoises and their close relatives based on complete mitochondrial genome sequences from museum specimens. Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution 38:50-64.

Parham, J.F., Türkozan, O., Stuart, B.L., Arakelyan, M., Shafei, S., Macey, J.R., and Papenfuss, T.J. 2006c. Genetic evidence for premature taxonomic inflation in Middle Eastern tortoises. Proceedings of the California Academy of Sciences 57(3):955-963.

Parham, J.F., Outerbridge, M.E., Stuart, B.L., Wingate, D.B., Erlenkeuser, H., and Papenfuss, T.J. 2008.  Introduced delicacy or native species? A natural origin of Bermudian terrapins supported by fossil and genetic data. Biology Letters 4:216–219. doi:10.1098/rsbl.2007.0599.

Pedall, I., Fritz, U., Stuckas, H., Valdeón, A., and Wink, M. 2010. Gene flow across secondary contact zones of the Emys orbicularis complex in the Western Mediterranean and evidence for extinction and re-introduction of pond turtles on Corsica and Sardinia (Testudines: Emydidae). Journal of Zoological Systematics and Evolutionary Research, doi: 10.1111/j.1439-0469.2010.00572.x.

Perälä, J. 2002a. The genus Testudo (Testudines: Testudinidae): phylogenetic inferences. Chelonii 3:32-39.

Perälä, J. 2002b. Biodiversity in relatively neglected taxa of Testudo L., 1758 S. L. Chelonii 3:40-53.

Perez, M., Leblois, R., Livoreil, B., Bour, R., Lambourdiere, J., Samadi, S., and Boisselier, M.-C. 2011. Effects of landscape features and demographic history on the genetic structure of Testudo marginata populations in the southern Peloponnese and Sardinia. Biological Journal of the Linnean Society, doi: 10.1111/j.1095-8312.2011.01805.x.

Phillips, C.A., Dimmick, W.W., and Carr, J.L. 1996. Conservation genetics of the common snapping turtle (Chelydra serpentina). Conservation Biology 10:397-405.

Poulakakis, N., Glaberman, S., Russello, M., Beheregaray, L.B., Ciofi, C., Powell, J.R., and Caccone, A. 2008. Historical DNA analysis reveals living descendants of an extinct species of Galápagos tortoise. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, USA 105:15464–15469, doi:10.1073.pnas.0805340105.

Praschag, P. and Gemel, R. 2002. Identity of the black softshell turtle Aspideretes nigricans (Anderson, 1875), with remarks on related species. Faunistische Abhandlungen Staatliches Museum für Tierkunde Dresden 23:87-116.

Praschag, P., Hundsdörfer, A.K., Reza, A.H.M.A., and Fritz, U. 2007a. Genetic evidence for wild-living Aspideretes nigricans and a molecular phylogeny of South Asian softshell turtles (Reptilia: Trionychidae: Aspideretes, Nilssonia). Zoologica Scripta 36(4):301-310.

Praschag, P., Hundsdörfer, A.K., and Fritz, U. 2007b. Phylogeny and taxonomy of endangered South and South-east Asian freshwater turtles elucidated by mtDNA sequence variation (Testudines: Geoemydidae: Batagur, Callagur, Hardella, Kachuga, Pangshura). Zoologica Scripta 36(5):429-442.

Praschag, P., Sommer, R.S., McCarthy, C., Gemel, R., and Fritz, U. 2008. Naming one of the world's rarest chelonians, the southern Batagur. Zootaxa 1758:61-68.

Praschag, P., Hundsdörfer, A.K., and Fritz, U. 2009b. Further specimens and phylogenetic position of the recently described leaf turtle species Cyclemys gemeli (Testudines: Geoemydidae). Zootaxa 2008:29–37.

Praschag, P., Stuckas, H., Päckert, M., Maran, J., and Fritz, U. 2011. Mitochondrial DNA sequences suggest a revised taxonomy of Asian flapshell turtles (Lissemys Smith, 1931) and the validity of previously unrecognized taxa (Testudines: Trionychidae). Vertebrate Zoology 61(1):147–160. 2013

Pritchard, P.C.H. 1967. Living Turtles of the World. Jersey City: TFH Publ., 288 pp.

Pritchard, P.C.H. 1990. Turtles of the world (book review). Copeia 1990:62-67.

Pritchard, P.C.H. 1996. The Galápagos Tortoises: Nomenclatural and Survival Status. Chelonian Research Monographs No. 1, 85 pp.

Pritchard, P.C.H. 2000. Indotestudo travancorica…a valid species of tortoise? Reptile and Amphibian Hobbyist 5(6):18-28.

Rhodin, A.G.J. and Carr, J.L. 2009. A quarter millenium of uses and misuses of the turtle name Testudo scabra: identification of the type specimens of T. scabra Linnaeus 1758 (=Rhinoclemmys punctularia) and T. scripta Thunberg in Schoepff 1792 (= Trachemys scripta scripta). Zootaxa 2226:1–18.

Rhodin, A.G.J., and Genorupa, V.R. 2000. Conservation status of freshwater turtles in Papua New Guinea. In: van Dijk, P.P., Stuart, B.L., and Rhodin, A.G.J. (Eds.). Asian Turtle Trade: Proceedings of a Workshop on Conservation and Trade of Freshwater Turtles and Tortoises in Asia. Chelonian Research Monographs 2:129-136.

Rhodin, A.G.J., van Dijk, P.P., and Parham, J.F. 2008. Turtles of the world: annotated checklist of taxonomy and synonymy. In: Rhodin, A.G.J., Pritchard, P.C.H., van Dijk, P.P., Saumure, R.A., Buhlmann, K.A., and Iverson, J.B. (Eds.). Conservation Biology of Freshwater Turtles and Tortoises: A Compilation Project of the IUCN/SSC Tortoise and Freshwater Turtle Specialist Group. Chelonian Research Monographs No. 5, pp. 000.1–000.38, doi:10.3854/crm.5.000.checklist.v1.2008, http://www.iucn-tftsg.org/cbftt/.

Rohilla, M.S., Rao, R.J., and Tiwari, P.K. 2009. Enzyme polymorphism in Indian freshwater soft shell turtle Lissemys punctata. Acta Herpetologica 4(1):15–28.

Roman, J., Santhuff, S.D., Moler, P.E., and Bowen, B.W. 1999. Population structure and cryptic evolutionary units in the alligator snapping turtle. Conservation Biology 13(1):135-142.

Rueda-Almonacid, J.V., Carr, J.L., Mittermeier, R.A., Rodríguez-Mahecha, J.V., Mast, R.B., Vogt, R.C., Rhodin, A.G.J., De La Ossa-Velásquez, J., Rueda, J.N., and Mittermeier, C.G. 2007. Las Tortugas y los Cocodrilianos de los Países Andinos del Trópico. Bogotá, Colombia: Editorial Panamericana, Formas e Impresos, Serie de Guías Tropicales de Campo No. 6, Conservación Internacional, 538 pp.

Russello, M.A., Glaberman, S., Gibbs, J.P., Marquez, C., Powell, J.R., and Caccone, A. 2005. A cryptic taxon of Galápagos tortoise in conservation peril. Biological Letters 1:287-290.

Russello, M.A., Beheregaray, L.B., Gibbs, J.P., Fritts, T., Havill, N., Powell, J.R., and Caccone, A. 2007. Lonesome George is not alone among Galápagos tortoises. Current Biology 17(9):R317-R318.

Rust, H.T., Mertens, R., and Muller, L. 1934. Systematische Liste der Lebenden Schildkröten. Blatt. Aquar. Terrarienknd. 45:42-45,59-67.

Sawyer, F.C. 1953. The dates of issue of J.E. Gray’s “Illustrations of Indian Zoology” (London, 1830-1835). Journal of the Society of Bibliography of Natural History 3(1):48–55.

Schleich, H.H. and Kästle, W. (Eds.). 2002. Amphibians and Reptiles of Nepal. Biology, Systematics, Field Guide. Koenigstein: Koeltz Scientific Books, pp. 1201.

Seidel, M.E. 1988. Trachemys decussata. Catalogue of American Amphibians and Reptiles 440:1-3. 2013

Seidel, M.E. 1994. Morphometric analysis and taxonomy of cooter and red-bellied turtles in the North American genus Pseudemys (Emydidae). Chelonian Conservation and Biology 1(2):117-130.

Seidel, M.E. 1995. How many species of cooter turtles and where is the scientific evidence? – A reply to Jackson. Chelonian Conservation and Biology 1(4):333-336.

Seidel, M.E. 2002. Taxonomic observations on extant species and subspecies of slider turtles, genus Trachemys. Journal of Herpetology 36(2):285–292.

Seidel, M.E., Iverson, J.B., and Adkins, M.D. 1986. Biochemical comparisons and phylogenetic relationships in the family Kinosternidae (Testudines). Copeia 1986(2):285-294.

Serb, J.M., Phillips, C.A., and Iverson, J.B. 2001. Molecular phylogeny and biogeography ofKinosternon flavescens based on complete mitochondrial control region sequences. Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution 18:149-162.

Shaffer, H.B., Meylan, P., and McKnight, M.L. 1997. Test of turtle phylogeny: molecular, morphological, and paleontological approaches. Systematic Biology 46:235–268.

Shaffer, H.B., Starkey, D.E., and Fujita, M.K. 2008. Molecular insights into the systematics of the snapping turtles (Chelydridae). In: Steyermark, A.C., Finkler, M.S., and Brooks, R.J. (Eds.). Biology of the Snapping Turtle (Chelydra serpentina). Baltimore: Johns Hopkins University Press, pp. 44-49.

Shi, H., Fong, J.J., Parham, J.F., Pang, J., Wang, J., Hong, M., and Zhang, Y.-P. 2008. Mitochondrial variation of the ‘‘eyed” turtles (Sacalia) based on known-locality and trade specimens. Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution 49:1025-1029.

Silva, A., Rocha, S., Gerlach, J., Rocamora, G., Dufrenne, A., and Harris, D.J. 2010. Assessment of mtDNA genetic diversity within the terrapins Pelusios subniger and Pelusios castanoides across the Seychelles islands. Amphibia-Reptilia 31:583–588, doi:10.1163/017353710X524723.

Siroky, P., and Fritz, U. 2007. Is Testudo werneri a distinct species? Biologia (Bratislava) Section Zoology 62(2):1-4.

Smith, H.M. and Chiszar, D. 2006. Dilemma of name-recognition: why and when to use new combinations of scientific names. Herpetological Conservation and Biology 1(1):6–8.

Smith, H.M., Humphrey, R., and Chiszar, D. 1996. A range extension for the box turtle Terrapene yucatana. Bulletin Maryland Herpetological Society 32:14-15.

Spinks, P.Q. and Shaffer, H.B. 2005. Range-wide molecular analysis of the western pond turtle (Emys marmorata): cryptic variation, isolation by distance, and their conservation implications. Molecular Ecology 14:2047-2064.

Spinks, P.Q. and Shaffer, H.B. 2007. Conservation phylogenetics of the Asian box turtles (Geoemydidae, Cuora): mitochondrial introgression, numts, and inferences from multiple nuclear loci. Conservation Genetics 8:641-657.

Spinks, P.Q. and Shaffer, H.B. 2009. Conflicting mitochondrial and nuclear phylogenies for the widely disjunct Emys (Testudines: Emydidae) species complex, and what they tell us about biogeography and hybridization. Systematic Biology 58(1):1–20.

Spinks, P.Q., Shaffer, H.B., Iverson, J.B., and McCord, W.P. 2004. Phylogenetic hypotheses for the turtle family Geoemydidae. Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution 32:164–182.

Spinks, P.Q., Thomson, R.C., and Shaffer, H.B. 2009a. A reassessment of Cuora cyclornata Blanck, McCord and Le, 2006 (Testudines, Geoemydidae) and a plea for taxonomic stability. Zootaxa 2018:58–68.

Spinks, P.Q., Thomson, R.C., Lovely, G.A., and Shaffer, H.B. 2009b. Assessing what is needed to resolve a molecular phylogeny: simulations and empirical data from emydid turtles. BMC Evolutionary Biology 9:56 doi:10.1186/1471–2148–9–56.

Spinks, P.Q., Thomson, R.C., and Shaffer, H.B. 2010. Nuclear gene phylogeography reveals the historical legacy of an ancient inland sea on lineages of the western pond turtle, in California. Molecular Ecology 19:542–556.

Starkey, D.E., Shaffer, H.B., Burke, R.L., Forstner, M.R.J., Iverson, J.B., Janzen, F.J., Rhodin, A.G.J., and Ultsch, G.R. 2003. Molecular systematics, phylogeography, and the effects of Pleistocene glaciation in the painted turtle (Chrysemys picta) complex. Evolution 57(1):119–128.

Stejneger, L. and Barbour, T. 1917. A Checklist of North American Amphibians and Reptiles. Cambridge: Harvard University Press, 125 pp. 2013

Stephens, P.R., and Wiens, J.J. 2003. Ecological diversification and phylogeny of emydid turtles. Biological Journal of the Linnean Society 79:577-610.

Stuart, B.L. and Fritz, U. 2008. Historical DNA from museum type specimens clarifies diversity of Asian leaf turtles (Cyclemys). Biological Journal of the Linnaean Society 94:131-141.

Stuart, B.L. and Parham, J.F. 2004. Molecular phylogeny of the critically endangered Indochinese box turtle (Cuora galbinifrons). Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution 31:164-177.

Stuart, B.L. and Parham, J.F. 2007. Recent hybrid origin of three rare Chinese turtles. Conservation Genetics 8:169-175.

Stuart, B.L., Hallam, C.D., Sayavong, S., Nanthavong, C., Sayaleng, S., Vongsa, O., and Robichaud, W.G. 2011. Two additions to the turtle fauna of Laos. Chelonian Conservation and Biology 10(1):113–116. 2013

Stuckas, H. and Fritz, U. 2011. Identity of Pelodiscus sinensis revealed by DNA sequences of an approximately 180-year-old type specimen and a taxonomic reappraisal of Pelodiscus species (Testudines: Trionychidae). Journal of Zoological Systematics and Evolutionary Research 49:335–339, doi: 10.1111/j.1439-0469.2011.00632.x. 2013

Takahashi, A., Hirayama, R., Alcala, A.C., Carretero, M.A., Danilov, I.G., Ernst, C.H., Honegger, R., Lovich, J.E., Malonza, P.K., Moravec, J., Penny, M., Praschag, P., Siroky, P., Spinks, P.Q., Griffiths, C., Hansen, D., Bauerfeld, K., Glaw, F., Fong, J.F., Fritz, U., Kraus, O., Hailey, A., Vences, M., Wanless, R.M., Williams, E.H., Jr., Nieves-Rivera, A.M., Bunkley-Williams, L., Grimm, U., Iverson, J.B., Mortimer, J.A., Buskirk, J., Morgan, J., Schmidt, F., and Miller, J. 2009. Comments on the proposed conservation of usage of Testudo giganteaSchweigger, 1812 (currently Geochelone (Aldabrachelysgigantea; Reptilia, Testudines) (Case 3463; see BZN 66: 34–50, 80–87, 169–186). Bulletin of Zoological Nomenclature 66(3):274–290.

Thomson, S. 2000. The identification of the holotype of Chelodina oblonga (Testudines: Chelidae) with a discussion of taxonomic implications. Chelonian Conservation and Biology 3(4):745-749.

Thomson, S.A. 2006. ICZN Case 3351. Chelodina rugosa Ogilby, 1890 (currentlyMacrochelodina rugosa; Reptilia, Testudines): proposed precedence over Chelodina oblongaGray, 1841. Bulletin of Zoological Nomenclature 63(3):187–193.

Thomson, S.A. 2007. Comment on the proposed precedence of Chelodina rugosa Ogilby, 1890 (currently Macrochelodina rugosa; Reptilia, Testudines) over Chelodina oblonga Gray, 1841. Bulletin of Zoological Nomenclature 64:127-128. 2013

Turtle Taxonomy Working Group [Bickham, J.W., Parham, J.F., Philippen, H.D., Rhodin, A.G.J., Shaffer, H.B., Spinks, P.Q., and van Dijk, P.P.]. 2007a. Turtle taxonomy: methodology, recommendations, and guidelines. In: Shaffer, H.B., FitzSimmons, N.N., Georges, A., and Rhodin, A.G.J. (Eds.). Defining Turtle Diversity: Proceedings of a Workshop on Genetics, Ethics, and Taxonomy of Freshwater Turtles and Tortoises. Chelonian Research Monographs No. 4, pp. 73–84.

Turtle Taxonomy Working Group [Bickham, J.W., Iverson, J.B., Parham, J.F., Philippen, H.D., Rhodin, A.G.J., Shaffer, H.B., Spinks, P.Q., and van Dijk, P.P.]. 2007b. An annotated list of modern turtle terminal taxa with comments on areas of taxonomic instability and recent change. In: Shaffer, H.B., FitzSimmons, N.N., Georges, A., and Rhodin, A.G.J. (Eds.). Defining Turtle Diversity: Proceedings of a Workshop on Genetics, Ethics, and Taxonomy of Freshwater Turtles and Tortoises. Chelonian Research Monographs No. 4, pp. 173–199.

Turtle Taxonomy Working Group [Rhodin, A.G.J., Parham, J.F., van Dijk, P.P., and Iverson, J.B.]. 2009. Turtles of the world: annotated checklist of taxonomy and synonymy, 2009 update, with conservation status summary. In: Rhodin, A.G.J., Pritchard, P.C.H., van Dijk, P.P., Saumure, R.A., Buhlmann, K.A., Iverson, J.B., and Mittermeier, R.A. (Eds.). Conservation Biology of Freshwater Turtles and Tortoises: A Compilation Project of the IUCN/SSC Tortoise and Freshwater Turtle Specialist Group. Chelonian Research Monographs No. 5, pp. 000.39–000.84, doi:10.3854/crm.5.000.checklist.v2.2009, http://www.iucn–tftsg.org/cbftt/.

Turtle Taxonomy Working Group [Rhodin, A.G.J.,  van Dijk, P.P., Iverson, J.B., and Shaffer, H.B.]. 2010. Turtles of the world, 2010 update: annotated checklist of taxonomy, synonymy, distribution, and conservation status. In: Rhodin, A.G.J., Pritchard, P.C.H., van Dijk, P.P., Saumure, R.A., Buhlmann, K.A., Iverson, J.B., and Mittermeier, R.A. (Eds.). Conservation Biology of Freshwater Turtles and Tortoises: A Compilation Project of the IUCN/SSC Tortoise and Freshwater Turtle Specialist Group. Chelonian Research Monographs No. 5, pp. 000.85–000.164, doi:10.3854/crm.5.000.checklist.v3.2010, http://www.iucn–tftsg.org/cbftt/.

van der Kuyl, A.C., Ballasina, D.L.P., Dekker, J.T., Maas, J., Willemsen, R.E., and Goudsmit, J. 2002. Phylogenetic relationships among the species of the genus Testudo (Testudines: Testudinidae) inferred from mitochondrial 12S rRNA gene sequences. Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution 22:174–183.

van der Kuyl, A.C., Ballasina, D.L.P., and Zorgdrager, F. 2005. Mitochondrial haplotype diversity in the tortoise species Testudo graeca from North Africa and the Middle East. BMC Evolutionary Biology 5:1–8.

Vargas-Ramírez, M., Castaño-Mora, O.V., and Fritz, U. 2008. Molecular phylogeny and divergence times of ancient South American and Malagasy river turtles (Testudines: Pleurodira: Podocnemididae). Organisms, Diversity and Evolution 8:388–398.

Vargas-Ramírez, M., Maran, J., and Fritz, U. 2010a. Red- and yellow-footed tortoises,Chelonoidis carbonaria and C. denticulata (Reptilia: Testudines: Testudinidae), in South American savannahs and forests: do their phylogeographies reflect distinct habitats? Organisms, Diversity and Evolution 10:161–172.

Vargas-Ramírez, M., Vences, M., Branch, W.R., Daniels, S.R., Glaw, F., Hofmeyr, M.D., Kuchling, G., Maran, J., Papenfuss, T.J., Široky, P., Vieites, D.R., and Fritz, U. 2010b. Deep genealogical lineages in the widely distributed African helmeted terrapin: evidence from mitochondrial and nuclear DNA (Testudines: Pelomedusidae: Pelomedusa subrufa). Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution doi:10.1016/j.ympev.2010.03.019.

Vasilyev, V.A., Bondarenko, D.A., Peregontsev, E.A., Voronov, A.S., Ryskov, A.P., and Semenova, S.K. 2008. Polymorphism of the 12S rRNA gene and phylogeography of the Central Asian tortoises Agrionemys horsfieldii Gray, 1844. Genetika 44:784-788; Russian Journal of Genetics 44:682-685.

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